By: Monday Samuel
Since Nigeria returned to civil rule in 1999 peace has remained elusive in the country. It’s expected that democratic governance would give rise to political stability, national cohesion, but these have not been achieved, instead insurgency has remained an abiding feature. In fact, the state of insecurity is alarming following incessant attack by bandicts, Fulani headsmen, Boko Haram and the likes. It’s not News that our dear country Nigeria is battling with a lot of security challenges which has affects foreign as well as indigenous investments, thereby hampering economic growth and leaving the country to face escalating unemployment, loss of lives and properties.
The regularity and enormity of the terror unleashed by insurgents in various parts of the country makes it expedient for strategies and solutions to be formulated, Setting up strong Intelligence gathering Infrastructures as well as appointment of new service chiefs to over see the security affairs of the nation.
No doubt since President Muhammed Buhari came to office in 2015 Nigeria government has invested heavily on weapons purchase in other to combat insurgency yet there are still lot of vacuum left unfilled, I could remember the vividly during the previous administration in 2012 precisely, the then government had announce the plan to establish new intelligence gathering centre that will be encumber with the responsibility of improving and coordinating intelligence gathering, sharing across security agencies and different aspects of government. This will expected will help to curb crime and other illegal activities.
Sustainable infrastructure such as ICT, modern and sophisticated weapons, military hardware and effective power supply are to be provided. Once it is provided, military and other security personnel should be educated on how to use them to fight insurgencies in the country.
Eliminating corruption is a monumental endemic that had eaten deep into the fabric of the Nigeria society which is an obstacle to national security and development. Corruption is display in form of abuse of authority, extortion, bribery, favouritism, fraud, theft, deceit, malfeasance and illegality. It has been established that corruption is one of the major factors that induced insurgencies and insecurity in Nigeria. Boko Haram insurgency, political instability as a result of Niger Delta militancy, experienced in Nigeria was as a result of corruption. Therefore government should put in place effective measures to curb corruption in Nigeria, promote rule of law, good governance and socio-economic and political development. This will go a long way in reducing insurgencies prevalent in the country. Provision of adequate employment opportunities: it has been argued that unemployment is one of the factors that cause insurgencies in Nigeria. Most people who are unemployed especially youth are always involved in crimes and illegal activities in order to care for themselves and family. unemployment, increases poverty, lack of opportunities to acquire knowledge and skills. Many Nigeria especially the vibrant men in the society due to frustration and socio-economic difficulties join militants and terrorist group; this hinders the country development because the challenges have great negative impact on the economic and national security.
Provison of adequate employment to qualified unemployed citizens will eliminate armed robbery, kidnapping and other criminal activities. Poverty has be viewed in four different angles which are the Lack of or impaired access to productive resources; inefficient of common resources, Lack of access to basic needs and a result of exclusion mechanism.
The rate of poverty in Nigeria is quite alarming and the result of this is an increase in armed robbery, Kidnapping and other social vices that add to the problem of internal security in the state. argues that poverty is a multidimensional problem that goes beyond economics to include other things, political, cultural and social issues. The determinants of poverty in Nigeria can be traced to the following indices which are corruption, income inequalities, unemployment, declining level of economic growth, bad governance, diversion of funds into non-developmental projects, embezzlement of fund and many others. Government can make lives easier by providing the basic necessitates of lives to citizens, this c an improve their standard of living and reduce robbery, kidnapping and other terrorist activities which are traced to the poor trying to survive. Insurgency has result to the shout down of a lot of businesses in Nigeria especially the North-Eastern region which dealt a dirty blow to the Nigerian economy. Foreign investors have moved to other parts of the country, where their lives, properties and capital are well protected and secured. Most domestic and foreign investors that operate in the country face tremendous losses yearly. New Chiefs Security should endeavour to improve and integrate its intelligence gathering technology and sharing across security agencies and other aspects of government this will be helpful in curbing crime. The armed forces should be trained, financially motivated, empowered and equipped them with modern and sophisticated weapons to fight and overcome insurgencies in Nigeria.
Our dearest new service chiefs I do believed you know that to whom much is given much is also expected, Nigerian are anxiously waiting for your performance knowingly the state of security as at the time of your appointment we all want to sleep with our two eyes close, we don’t want what happened during END SARS protest to occur again in our country we want to travel round the country without fair of been kidnapp or harras.
Permit me to say here here, it’s not a crime for any one to resign his/her appointment in fact it’s more honourable once situation is beyond control rather than ridicule your reputation and thereby look incapacitated. Don’t forget to be media friendly no matter the ethics of your profession always address the public frequently so the citizens can be aquiented with enough information, another thing take a clue from the weakness of your predisesor work on his weakness and capitalize on his strength and come with modern way of fighting insurgency. It will not be good if foreign country are dictating to us how to tackle our local problems again. Have it at back of your mind that Nigerian are tired of the unrest that bandicts has brought before them and they are all expected speeady change in the security sectors.